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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Tropical Cyclones (continued)

Similarly in Brisbane Barney Newman (Deputy Director from 1952 to 1959) had an outstanding team of forecasters headed by Allen Bath. Arch Shields (who had had experience as a forecaster in Brisbane before moving to Tasmania as Deputy Director in 1954) succeeded Barney when the latter was transferred to Sydney in 1959. He had a long and distinguished career as Deputy Director (later Regional Director) of the Brisbane Regional Office which produced some accurate and memorable tropical cyclone and flood warnings.

Young Ray Wilkie had joined the Bureau after serving in the RAAF during the war and, like Bob Southern, after training as a forecaster was to develop special skills in the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre. It is interesting to recall that Bob Southern was the first Deputy Director in Darwin when a Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre was established in that city early in 1963. Ray Wilkie had succeeded him not many months before Cyclone Tracy destroyed Darwin. I have written a tribute to the magnificent performance of Ray and his staff using radar images to detect and track Tracy's movements for some days before issuing the warning that Tracy was destructive and was headed directly for Darwin (see Gibbs, 1977).

Len Dwyer was quick to realise the importance of demonstrating the Bureau's eagerness to improve its performance and he charged me with the responsibility of organising an internal Bureau conference on tropical cyclones and a tropical cyclone symposium. He also decided that the Brisbane, Perth and Darwin offices should be designated Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres and sought to secure Public Service Board and Treasury approval for increased manpower and instrument resources for the tropical cyclone warning system.

People in Bright Sparcs - Bath, Allen Tristram; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Mackey, George William; Newman, Bernard William (Bernie); Shields, Archibald John

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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