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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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The International Geophysical Year

The IGY was in fact a period of 18 months from 1 July 1957 to 31 December 1958. It was a successor to the polar years of 1882–83 and 1932–33 and like those years was focussed to a considerable extent on the high latitude regions of the Earth, although in the case of the IGY the program included the whole of the Earth's atmosphere with particular attention directed to high southern latitudes.

The IGY is generally considered to have originated within a group of international geophysicists, with Sydney Chapman of the ICSU being one of the principal figures. ICSU created the CSAGI with Chapman as President.

The major fields of study of the IGY were solar activity, meteorology, geomagnetism, gravity and seismology, oceanography, glaciers, rockets and satellites. The Australian Academy of Science was the focus of the Australian IGY program and when the Bureau was invited to join an Academy committee for the IGY in July 1955 I was nominated as the Bureau's representative. The committee was involved with general CSAGI matters but with special attention to CSAGI's SCAR. The Academy had also formed an Upper Atmosphere Research Committee on which I represented the Bureau.

The ANARE formed a physics sub-committee in 1955 which also became involved in the IGY programs to be carried out at Australian Antarctic stations.

George Trefry at Woomera was deeply involved in the IGY rockets program with which my former Bureau colleague Bryan Rofe was responsible as a member of the staff of LRWE.

I attended a CSAGI conference and a meeting of SCAR in Moscow in July/August 1958, meetings of SCAR at Wellington, NZ, in October 1961 and in the Scott Polar Research Institute in Cambridge in August/September 1960. The organisational items on the agenda of these meetings were necessary but somewhat boring. The scientific discussions were of great interest and will be discussed later.

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Rofe, Bryan

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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