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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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International Antarctic Analysis Centre (continued)

Item 204 in Weather News No 31 of February 1959 reports that the IAAC commenced operation on a preliminary basis on 2 February 1959 in premises at 468 Lonsdale Street with Henry Phillpot as Leader and a staff of up to 10 female assistants. Although staffed and accommodated by the Bureau, the operation of the IAAC, as an international activity, was under the surveillance of the Joint Working Party.

Invitations had been extended to Argentina, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, Norway, New Zealand and South Africa, UK, US and USSR to second meteorologists to work at the Centre. Item 238 of Weather News No 36 of July 1959 reports that Tom Gray, former head of the Little America International Antarctic Weather Central, had joined IAAC, and provides background of his meteorological career.

In Weather News No 42 of January 1960, Item 286 gives a summary of progress in establishing the IAAC. Keith Morley had left IAAC to join the Bureau Training School in August, being replaced by Lieutenant Commander J. Timbs, a meteorologist from the Royal Australian Navy. Thus at this time staff consisted of Henry Phillpot, Tom Gray and Timbs, plus female assistants who plotted charts.

The analysis program consisted of 700, 500 and 300 mb constant pressure charts south of 60S at 00 and 12 GMT and MSL, 700, 500 and 300 mb charts northward to about 30S. It is interesting to note that the program did not include charts for MSL south of 60S because that area is mainly occupied by Antarctic ice and some exposed mountain ranges extending to considerable elevations. A MSL chart in that area would have no meaning and even the level of the 700 mb (10 000 feet) chart intersected with the largely ice bound continent.

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Phillpot, Henry Robert

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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