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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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International Activities (continued)

The Dwyer years saw a considerable number of members of the Bureau's staff involved in international activities. Bill Brann was a member of the WMO Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO) and attended its meeting in Paris in 1957. Henry Phillpot attended the Commission for Aerology (CAe), later renamed the Commission for Atmospheric Science (CAS), in Paris in May/June 1957 and visited UK defence establishments in connection with his responsibility for providing meteorological advice for British atomic weapons trials. In September 1957 Keith Morley was nominated to serve with the Americans at their Antarctic Meteorological Analysis Centre and began his 12 month attachment in December 1957. Walter Dwyer attended a number of meetings of the Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology (CAeM) and its working groups as well as joint meetings with ICAO and SPATC, often accompanied by Ralph Holmes. Keith Hannay attended meetings of the Commission for Synoptic Meteorology (CSM) later renamed the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) in New Delhi in 1958. Gerry O'Mahony attended the meetings of the Commission for Climatology in Washington in 1957 (and afterwards visited climatological and hydrological offices in the US) and in London in 1960 (combining that assignment with a tour of computer centres in the UK, Europe and the US). Allan Rainbird and Neil Body, as well as attending the first session of the newly formed Commission for Hydrological Meteorology (CHM), later renamed the Commission for Hydrometeorology (CHy), also inspected the operation of some hydrological services in the US. Colin Hounam attended a meeting of the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM).

Gerry O'Mahony's visit to London for the meeting of CC1 provided an opportunity for him to conduct a subtle sparring session with Dr Forsdyke of the UK Meteorological Office. In explaining the use of Hollerith punch-cards for assembling a bank of climate data Gerry stressed the importance of reserving space for recording the type of observation punched on the cards. Forsdyke remarked that he was not surprised to hear that the colonials were backward in their punch-card procedures and indicated that the British used a simple solution of using coloured cards to identify the type of observation punched. With his smooth stiletto Gerry informed the meeting that he was not aware that Hollerith or any other machine used to sort punch-cards could recognise colours and asked Dr Forsdyke for the name of the machine.

Many of the Bureau members of these WMO Technical Commissions were made members of working groups charged with investigations of specific subjects. In my case I was a member of a working group on the jet stream which, working entirely by correspondence, produced a WMO Technical Note on the subject.

People in Bright Sparcs - Brann, Harold Walter Allen Neale (Bill); Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Holmes, Ralph Aubrey Edward; O'Mahony, Gerard (Gerry); Phillpot, Henry Robert

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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