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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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International Antarctic Analysis Centre (continued)

The May 1962 IAAC report indicates that the program at that time consisted of:
  1. a daily analysis of constant pressure charts for 1000, 700, 500 and 300 mb levels over Antarctica and the area extending north to 30S

  2. the daily issue of facsimile and coded statements of the 700, 500 and 300 mb analyses for 00 GMT issued nine hours after map time;

  3. subsequent reanalysis of these charts following the entry of delayed data; and

  4. microfilms made of these charts seven days after the close of each month airmailed to each member country of SCAR and three other interested organisations.

The report also comments that the analysis program was less than originally planned but was the maximum possible with the available professional staff.

The IAAC was an ambitious project which made a useful contribution to the knowledge of the meteorology of the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean and is a tribute to the dedication of Henry Phillpot and the Australian and international meteorologists who worked so diligently. Argentina, France, Japan and the US and USSR continued to provide meteorologists to support Henry Phillpot in carrying out this important work. In 1965 Australia accepted the invitation of WMO to operate one of the three World Meteorological Centres of the World Weather Watch, the Australian centre being located in Melbourne and the other two in Moscow and Washington. This relieved the IAAC of the responsibility of preparing and issuing synoptic analyses for the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean but the work that Henry Phillpot and his colleagues had pioneered was a useful precedent for later efforts. It was ironic that at that stage meteorological and telecommunication satellites were beginning to remedy the observational and telecommunications difficulties which had made the work of the IAAC so difficult.

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Phillpot, Henry Robert

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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