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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Forecasts for the General Public (continued)

Barney Newman succeeded John Hogan (1896–1970) as Deputy Director NSW in 1959, having occupied the position of Deputy Director Queensland from 1952 to that time, but as previously mentioned John Hogan (1896–1970) had acted as Assistant Director (Administration) in Melbourne for some of that period and periods of illness had also intervened. Harry Treloar was transferred from Central Office to act in that position and George Mackey reluctantly agreed to leave Perth to act as Deputy Director NSW. Keith Hannay and Jack Wiesner also acted in the position for brief periods.

Arch Shields moved from the position of Deputy Director, Tasmania in 1958 to become Deputy Director Queensland and Jack Johnston was appointed to the position in Tasmania.

Like George Mackey and 'Doc' Hogan (1912–1978), John Hogan (1896–1970), Barney Newman, John Lillywhite, Keith Hannay, Arch Shields and Jack Johnston had all served in the RAAF Meteorological Service during the war years and all had lengthy experience in forecasting and other positions in the Bureau. George, John Hogan (1896–1970) and Barney had gained university science degrees by part-time study pre-war. John Lillywhite, Keith, 'Doc', Arch and Jack Johnston had joined the Bureau with science degrees, the first three in the 1937 forecasters' training course and Arch and Jack soon after.

Their wartime experiences and their long and varied service in the Bureau had produced a group of mature people ideally suited to the important task of leading the team of meteorologists and assisting staff in the Divisional Offices.

I am tempted to give sketches of the interesting personalities of each of the Deputy Directors in the Warren years, and have provided some information in earlier chapters but for those wishing to have more information on their background and careers I recommend the 262 issues of the Bureau's house journal. Weather News, published from August 1956 to December 1982.

After my retirement in 1978 I prepared Metarch Papers No 1 which, with the assistance of Bureau staff, was published in February 1986. This Metarch Paper lists the titles of the 3350 articles in those issues of Weather News. It also contains a comprehensive index of articles on Bureau personalities and activities, and contains references to all of the above Deputy Directors, as well as many other Bureau identities.

In the period 1962 to 1978, as Director of Meteorology, I endeavoured to have the salaries of Deputy Directors (then titled Regional Directors) increased. I argued that they carried a much greater responsibility than other Commonwealth public servants in similar positions. I pointed out that while other public servants responsible for control of State branches could refer to regulations laid down by their Head Offices, Deputy Directors and their staffs, in issuing forecasts and warnings, had sole responsibility for making important judgements at short notice without reference Central Office. At one stage I had a long discussion of this subject with the Hon Clyde Cameron, who was then Minister for Science, but was unable to win his unqualified support.

Of course the Deputy Directors, while maintaining scrutiny of the quality of forecasts and warnings from their offices, depended on their senior forecasting and warning staff who worked shifts to cover 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Reference has already been made to the contributions of senior Divisional Office staff such as Alan Martin in Perth, Errol Mizon in Adelaide, Harold Bond in Sydney, Allen Bath in Brisbane and Jack Langford in Hobart. They in turn had the support of wartime weather officers and the post-war intake of younger meteorologists including cadets. As previously mentioned the cadet meteorologists, first recruited in the early days of the Warren years, were required to gain experience in the Bureau while engaged in their university studies. When they had graduated in Science, many with distinction, they had already had considerable experience of how the Bureau operated. We shall hear more of them later in this chapter.

People in Bright Sparcs - Bath, Allen Tristram; Bond, Harold George; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Hannay, Alexander Keith (Keith); Hogan, John; Hogan, John (Doc); Johnston, John (Jack); Lillywhite, John Wilson; Mackey, George William; Newman, Bernard William (Bernie); Shields, Archibald John; Treloar, Harry Mayne; Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

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