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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Atomic Weapons Tests (continued)

Because of an increasing concern with risks to the Australian population from the highly secret AWRE atomic weapons tests in Australia, an Atomic Weapons Tests Safety Committee (AWTSC) was established in May 1955. Members were L. H. Martin (Defence Science Adviser and Professor of Physics, the University of Melbourne), E. W. Titterton (Professor of Nuclear Physics, ANU), W. A. S. Butement (Chief Scientist, Department of Supply), Dr C. E. Eddy (Head of Commonwealth X-Ray and Radium Laboratory) and Professor Baxter (Australian Atomic Energy Commission). As mentioned in chapter 3, Ernest Titterton, formerly connected with AWRE, had been one of the few Australians whom AWRE had requested be involved in atomic weapons testing in Australia.

Len Dwyer was asked to attend meetings of the AWTSC and was granted membership on 6 March 1956 before the beginning of the Monte Bello Islands tests of that year and D. J. Stevens replaced C. E. Eddy on the latter's death. The AWTSC was reconstituted in March 1957 with Titterton as Chairman and Len Dwyer and Don Stevens as the only other members. H. A. Wills of the Australian Department of Supply was Secretary, being later replaced by John Moroney. I replaced Len Dwyer on the AWTSC in December 1962.

Although the Bureau's Research Section had been involved in the Warren years in the general question of civil defence of the Australian population against atomic attack, because of the top secret nature of AWRE's activities only those of the Bureau staff with a 'need to know' were involved in atomic testing. Although this may now seem strange, for those of us who had lived through the war years it made sense.

The British personnel in the AWRE had chosen the Monte Bello Islands for the next series of tests because they wanted to test a weapon with the explosive force of 60 000 tons of TNT, and they believed the Australian authorities would not approve a test of that magnitude at Maralinga. Furthermore AWRE scientists were not confident of the accuracy of their estimates of the level of radioactivity which the explosion would produce at ground level.

People in Bright Sparcs - Butement, William Alan Stewart; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Eddy, Cecil Ernest; Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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