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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch (continued)

A superior weather watching radar was the Cossar which replaced the SNW51 at Cairns, and which was installed on the top of nearby Saddle Mountain providing expanded seaward coverage. The epic effort to install this equipment in dense rainforest is described by Reg Stout in his memoirs in Metarch Papers No 8, 1996. It was regrettable that Len Dwyer did not live to see the culmination of his efforts to secure approval for the purchase of the Cossar. Another of Len's initiatives was an arrangement with the University of Melbourne for a weather watching radar to be mounted on the top of the Redmond Barry building with the facility for it to be remotely operated from the Bureau's Regional Office. It finally came into operation in 1964.

Meanwhile, expansion of the network of wind-finders continued with installation of a Metox radiotheodolite at Davis (Antarctica) in 1961, a new WF1 wind-finder at Cairns Airport in February 1961 and Mk VII radars at Carnarvon in June 1961 and Cobar in May 1962.

The achievement of having 16 type 277 wind-finding/weather watching radars, four Mk VII wind-finding radars, six Metox radiotheodolite wind-finders, two SNW51 and one Cossar weather watching radars in operation at the end of the Dwyer years is a testament to Len's initiative, Bill Brann's meticulous attention to detail and the efforts of staff under his control.

This observational network was essential for a better understanding of atmospheric processes over Australia, without which it would have been impossible to improve weather services to the general public and to the special sectors of the community working in weather-sensitive occupations.

People in Bright Sparcs - Brann, Harold Walter Allen Neale (Bill); Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Stout, Reginald William (Reg)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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