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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane (continued)

The proceedings of the symposium were elegantly published by the Bureau in a hardcover printed volume of 436 pages. The layout of the contents of the publication closely resembles the report of the Bureau conference of September 1955 although the reproduction of that report is much less ambitious. Like the 1955 report the 1956 proceedings contain a summary of the discussions and the conclusions of the symposium, copies of the 29 papers presented in the eight sessions, detailed summaries of the discussions at the end of each session and a summary of a panel discussion at the last session of the symposium.

As was the case in the Bureau tropical cyclone conference the previous year some of the authors of papers were unable to attend the symposium. These included Simpson, Rockney and D. Lee Harris of the US Weather Bureau and Pisharoty and Kulkarni of the Indian Meteorological Service. Their papers were a valuable source of information on the structure of tropical cyclones, detection of cyclones by radar and other means of remote sensing and the mechanism of storm surges.

The summary of proceedings (pp 1-4) stressed the importance of case histories, synoptic analysis and forecasting and the structure of cyclones (especially spiral cloud bands). The conclusions also stressed the need to develop techniques for interpretation of radar echoes in detecting and tracking tropical storms. It was interesting that the paper by Brann, Hennessy and Ryan contained photographs of the radar echoes of the tropical cyclone which crossed the Queensland coast near Townsville on 6 March 1956. The position of the radar, which had been installed on the Garbutt aerodrome in December 1955 primarily as a wind-finding radar, was not ideal for weather watching as its coverage for the sector 088 to 115 degrees azimuth was reduced by the presence of Castle Hill. However interesting photographs were obtained by Bureau staff, and Pat Ryan, OIC of the aerodrome meteorological office, became an enthusiastic advocate of radar weather watching after his experience in using radar to track the cyclone.

Papers by Brango, Fletcher, Jamison, Rockney, Rutherford and Hannan on tropical cyclone reconnaissance by aircraft excited great interest among those engaged in tropical cyclone forecasting and warning as they brought promise of future developments which would enable more detailed tracking of cyclone centres. The record of the detailed discussions in these sessions make interesting reading. Page 2 of the summary of proceedings mentions photography from rockets and radio beacons dropped from aircraft into the cyclone eye and includes the statement that "there is the possibility of automatic observation from Earth satellites", truly an important anticipation of things to come less than four years later.

People in Bright Sparcs - Brann, Harold Walter Allen Neale (Bill); Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Ryan, Patrick (Pat)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher