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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Rain Seminar (continued)

Chairmen of the twelve sessions were Eric Kraus (SMHEA—twice), J. E. Moyal (ANU, Canberra) and Uwe Radok (University of Melbourne), and from the Bureau, Harry Ashton, Bill Brann, Len Dwyer (twice), Bill Gibbs, Col Hounam and Neil McRae (twice).

This is not the appropriate place to make a detailed examination of the papers presented and the discussions which followed. Generally the Bureau's papers discussed the problems of forecasting rainfall, examining particular synoptic situations, study of rainfall statistics and methods of measuring rainfall.

Papers from the CSIRO Division of Radiophysics discussed cloud and rain physics and rain-making. The session dealing with artificial stimulation of rainfall contained two papers by E. J. Smith and one by E. E. Adderley and only brief abstracts are included in the report. The report of the discussion at the end of the session is brief and somewhat vague.

The session on temporal and spatial distribution of rainfall chaired by Col Hounam saw an interesting mixture of papers by meteorologists and engineers and contained a paper by D. N. Body of the Hydrometeorological Section of the Bureau dealing with the prediction of stream-flow from rainfall.

Neil McRae chaired the session on numerical and statistical methods of rainfall forecasting which included papers by Kraus, Jenssen and Radok and five Bureau authors. Of particular interest was the paper by Jenssen and Radok which discussed a NWP made with the use of the primitive Utecom and CSIRAC computers to predict the 500 mb chart and deduce vertical motion from the prediction. It contained reference to a M.Sc. thesis by Jenssen on numerical prediction using the barotropic model which earned him that degree in 1959. This must have been one of the first theses in Australia on that subject.

The seminar concluded with a review by a panel consisting of W. J. Gibbs, C. J. Wiesner, P. Squires, E. B. Kraus, U. Radok, and J. N. McRae with proceedings chaired by Len Dwyer. I identified problems in measuring rainfall, statistically analysing the data, meeting requirements for data and consultative advice, forecasting and warning of heavy rainfall and flooding, and the need for research in various hydrometeorological fields.

People in Bright Sparcs - Ashton, Henry Tamblyn (Harry); Brann, Harold Walter Allen Neale (Bill); Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; McRae, John Neil; Squires, Patrick

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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