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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Fire Weather (continued)

Gwynne and Angus were invited to participate in a forestry fire school at Carabost, NSW, in October 1957 together with representatives of the NSW Forestry Commission, SMHEA, NSW Bushfire Committee and the Forestry and Timber Bureau, Canberra. Gwynne delivered three lectures to the school and Alan MacArthur from the Commonwealth Forestry School, Canberra, conducted some test burns of fuels to demonstrate the complexity of the spread of fire. There were demonstrations of fire-fighting techniques.

A significant development reported in Weather News No 13 of August 1957 was the transfer of the responsibility of the Minister for Agriculture in South Australia for the imposition of prohibition of lighting of fires under the Bush Fires Act to the forecasting staff of the Adelaide Divisional Office. This enabled radio stations to broadcast the prohibition on the lighting of fires at the same time as the fire weather warning, thus saving time and avoiding confusion.

In July 1958 the Bureau convened a fire weather conference in Melbourne with participants including fire research and fire control officers from all State Forestry Departments, some rural fire authorities, several private forestry companies and the CSIRO Divisions of Meteorological Physics and Industrial Chemistry. Bureau participants were W. J. Gibbs (Chairman), J. N. McRae and G. U. Wilson from Central Office, H. E. Whittingham from Brisbane, A. G. Robin from Sydney and A. J. Shields from Tasmania.

The purpose of the conference was to examine a number of Bureau project reports dealing with the case histories of specific fires and others dealing with the general question of meteorological factors influencing the outbreak and spread of bushfires. Copies of the project reports were circulated before the conference to all participants.

The conference produced some stimulating exchanges of ideas between participants from the Bureau and the other authorities. One advantage of discussing both operational and research aspects of fire weather was that researchers and practitioners became better acquainted with the other's field of interest and sometimes the practitioners made a contribution to research ideas and at other times heard suggestions from researchers for improving operational procedures.

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; McRae, John Neil; Shields, Archibald John; Whittingham, Herbert E. (Herb)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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