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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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CSIRO and the Universities (continued)

Uwe Radok, in his 1993 paper listed in Appendix 1, describes the history of the Department of Meteorology which Loewe headed from its creation in 1940. The Department was funded by a grant in the budget of the Bureau, an arrangement which continued until 1958 when funding was provided in the budget of the University. The importance of meteorology warranted a Professorship but the physicists of the day did not consider meteorology a science and it was a great shame that the University was not inclined to create a Chair of Meteorology in 1940.

In 1944 Uwe Radok was employed as a technical assistant in the Department. On my return to Melbourne in 1946 I found him to be a source of much information and inspiration. In 1948 the Bureau decided that it no longer needed Fritz and Uwe to assist in its training of meteorologists, but my association with Uwe continued and I found him entertaining and helpful.

In parallel with his other duties Uwe worked for many years to gain his Ph.D. in 1952. By that time the Department was providing opportunities for Bureau staff to gain higher academic recognition. Thus M.Sc.s were gained by Keith Morley in 1952, Reg Clarke (then with the CSIRO) and Gerry O'Mahony in 1961, Bruce Retallack in 1962 and Ross Maine in 1966. Kevin Spillane was awarded Ph.D. in 1969, and Bob Brook and Doug Gauntlett in 1973.

Both Fritz and Uwe were keenly interested in snow and ice and made research contributions in that field as well as meteorological questions. Fritz wrote about global radiation and upper winds while Uwe studied upper air cross-sections, the heat economy of the Southern Ocean and clear air turbulence. He and Dick Jenssen pioneered the use of a rather primitive electronic computer to produce a NWP in 1960.

Other staff of the University of Melbourne with whom the Bureau had close contact were Vic Hopper of the Physics Department and Professors Carl Forster and Geoff Leeper of the Department of Agriculture.

I have mentioned Bureau involvement with Professor Crawford Munro and Jack Wiesner of the Engineering Department of the University of NSW, Professor Harry Messel of the University of Sydney and Professor Webster of the University of Queensland. These contacts and those with staff of the University of Melbourne were among the most valuable in making Bureau staff aware of the benefits to be gained in discussions with university staff.

People in Bright Sparcs - Brook, Bob; Clarke, Reginald Henry; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Gauntlett, Douglas John; Loewe, Fritz; Maine, Ross; O'Mahony, Gerard (Gerry); Retallack, Bruce James; Spillane, Kevin Thomas

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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